Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) Kibaha sub-centre previous known as Sugarcane Research Institute (SRI) Kibaha was established in 1971 under East African Community. Operated as the East Africa Sugarcane Breeding station because of the station vicinity to Dar International Airport, Convenient for the introduction of sugarcane germplasm and Weather and ecology well for attaining maximum sugarcane flowering- necessary for breeding. In 1989, Root Crops Research program started as a multi-locational site. From 1994, mandated to carry out research on root crops for the humid and sub-humid coastal lowlands and central zone. In 1990 Biological control program following the invasion of Cassava mealybug from the neighbouring countries.
In July 2018 Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) was established and ARI-Kibaha to become TARI – Kibaha Sub-center with the mandate to conduct, promote and coordinate sugarcane research in the country.