The generation of demand – driven agricultural technologies and innovations using cutting age technologies such as precision agriculture, modelling and biotechnology are among important issues emphasized under TARI. Demand driven technologies and adoption of Agricultural Innovations System (AIS) approaches and inclusiveness contribute in sustainable food systems and supplying raw materials to agro-industries. In this Directorates there are three sections which are;
Crop Research and Post -harvest management; research on development of new varieties, breeding, biotechnology, disease, post-harvest and crop management;
Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Engineering Research; research on agroforestry, soil fertility, plant nutrition, conservation agriculture, soil and water management; climate change; evaluation of labour serving equipment; soil mapping, land resources inventory and evaluation; collaborative research on testing farm implements and use of animal power traction.
Social economics and Marketing Research; research on clientele participatory approaches, adaptation of technologies, impact assessment; analysis of institutional and policy amendment; value chain analysis; and household and gender mainstreaming.